Glaucoma involves a deterioration of the optic nerve caused by high pressure in the inner eye, and it can lead to vision loss if left untreated. This condition can occur at any age, but it’s seen more often in older adults. People with a family history of the disease and those who have diabetes or other eye conditions may be at higher risk.
There are two primary forms of this eye disorder. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type. This form of the disease develops when the fluid doesn’t drain out of your eye the way it should. Treatment options depend on your specific situation, but catching the problem early helps ensure the best long-term outcome.
Closed-angle glaucoma is less common but more serious. It develops when the area between the iris and cornea narrows and becomes too small for fluid to drain out properly. This form causes a rapid rise in eye pressure that requires quick treatment to prevent long-term damage.